Los Angeles Homeowner’s Association Law | Law Advocate Group, LLP
- Covenants Conditions and Restrictions (“CC&Rs”)
- Articles of Incorporation
1. COVENANTS CONDITIONS AND RESTRICTIONS
CC&Rs delineate the rights and obligations of the members to the association and those of the association to the members.
The rights and obligations include, but are not limited to:
- Association and Member Maintenance Duties
- Association Enforcement Powers
- Association Assessment and Lien Enforcement and Collection Rights
- Association or Member’s Duty to Insure
- Association Dispute Resolution
CC&Rs are recorded with the county recorder of the county where the property is located, and they automatically bind anyone who becomes an owner of the property after the CC&Rs are recorded
Bylaws establish laws of governance for the association. In other words, bylaws establish policies and procedures of decision-making for the association.
Even though bylaws often vary in content and length, most bylaws include:
- Numbers and methods of selection of directors and officers
- Notice procedures for board meetings and votings
- Association’s Record Keeping and Reporting Requirements
Bylaws usually are not filed or recorded with any governmental agency.
3. ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
Articles of Incorporation are often short and contain:
- The Association’s Name
- The Name of the Association’s Agent for Service of Process
- The statutory statement that the Association is a Non-Profit Mutual Benefit Corporation
Articles are required when the Association is incorporated.
RESOLUTION OF CONFLICTS BETWEEN THE LAW AND DOCUMENTS
The resolution of a conflict between the governing documents and the law depends on the intent of the governmental body that enacted the law. Where the apparently conflicting law contains a phrase like “notwithstanding the provisions of the Declaration” or “notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the governing documents” in its text, the intent to override is clear and the law controls. Where the apparently conflicting law contains a phrase like “unless otherwise provided in the Declaration” or “subject to the provisions of the governing documents” in its text, the intent to not override is clear and the governing document provision controls. Where the apparently conflicting law contains no clear indication of whether it is intended to supersede conflicting provisions in governing documents, intent must be determined from the language and context of the law, and from historical records of its enactment.
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